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Main Cities
Sites & Museum

PERGAMON

An ancient medical center, the Asclepeion in Izmir province, is built nearby the springs that are believed to be curative. Treatment is a priority in the designs of the buildings and the success of the doctors earned the center a good name during the Roman era.Employing a variety of techniques from dream interpretations to treatment with cold, hot and mud baths and sunbathing therapy, Asclepeion was the most advanced medical center of its time. Pergamon Acropolis Archeological Site Dating back to the 3rd century BC, the Acropolis in Izmir province has preserved many of its structures and works of art. Built on several levels of mounds, the ancient site of Pergamon Acropolis is extraordinarily rich in archeological findings. Many architectural remains such as the Sanctuary of Athena, the altar of Zeus, the Library of Pergamon, the heroons and Arsenal can be seen in full detail.


THE MUSEUM OF ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATION

Located in the capital of Turkey, Ankara, the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations was awarded the European Museum of the year in 1997. Consisting of unique artifacts belonging to the civilizations of Anatolia, the collection is one of its kind in the world. This unique collection preserves the legacy of civilizations ranging from the Paleolithic era and the prehistoric times including Assyrian, Hittite, and the kingdoms of Phrygia and Urartu. It also includes a special section on Ankara.

 

KAYMAKLI UNDERGROUND CITY  

Ancient name was Enegup. Kaymakli people were built their homes around the underground city tunnels for security reason. Kaymakli underground city has 8 storey and 5000 peoples can live in it, 4 storey is open yet. The deepest point of the visit is under 20 meters. Kaymakli was built in around a main ventilation chimney. Ventilation system is so successful that not feel a problem even the fourth floor. Has all housing conditions for crowdy group temporary housing. There are rooms and halls connecting to each other with narrow corridor, wine tanks, water cistern, kitchen and food stores, ventilation chimneys, water wells, churches and large lock stones for any danger from out.

 

TROY

Troy, with its 4,000 years of history, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. The first excavations at the site were undertaken by the famous archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in 1870. In scientific terms, its extensive remains are the most significant demonstration of the first contact between the civilizations of Anatolia and the Mediterranean world. Moreover, the siege of Troy by Spartan and Achaean warriors from Greece in the 13th or 12th century B.C., immortalized by Homer in the Iliad, has inspired great creative artists throughout the world ever since.

 

DERINKUYU UNDERGROUND CITY 

85 meters below the ground with a complete city structure, Derinkuyu underground city is located in Nevsehir province. This underground city contains many sophisticated structures such as ventilation, church, stable and cellar, but only one-tenth of the city is accessible. Some of the wells in the site have no connection with the ground level in case of poisoning during an invasion. So visitors who want to get a taste of a dramatically different life under the ground will be attracted by this place.

 

ZELVE OPEN AIR MUSEUM

Situated in Nevsehir province, Zelve houses the most number of the world-famous Fairy Chimneys. Zelve is an important Christian center since it is the place where the first religious seminars for priests were held.  Built on the hillsides, Zelve spans three valleys. The first settlements were carved into rocks and Direkli Church is one of the first monasteries around.

 

EPHESUS

Ancient Greek city of Asia Minor, near the mouth of the Menderes River, in what is today West Turkey, South of Smyrna (now Izmir). One of the greatest of the Ionian cities, it became the leading seaport of the region. Its wealth was proverbial. The Greek city was near an old center of worship of a native nature goddess, who was equated with the Greek Artemis, and c.550 B.C. a large temple was built. To this Croesus, who captured the city, contributed.


MEVLANA MUSEUM

The dervish lodge which welcomes its visitors as a museum in the present day is located in Konya. The tomb of Mevlana, called the Green Dome, owes its final shape to improvement works carried out over the centuries. In addition to the huge collection of artifacts belonging to Mevleviyeh, the museum has also a beautiful rose garden. Entered through the Dervisan gate, the museum has many sections, a masjid and sema hall. The Seb-i Arus pool and fountain made during the Ottoman period, add to the beauty of the museum.

BASILICA CISTERN

It is the water cistern, which was built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian the First (527 – 565) in order to meet the water needs of the city. The cistern, which answered a need for water during the Byzantine era, was used to water the garden of Topkapı Palace after the conquering of Istanbul. Because Muslims consider running water healthier than standing water, the cistern lost its function of providing water for the city. Following a series of renovations, it was reopened as a museum

TOPKAPI PALACE

Topkapı Palace was not only the residence of the Ottoman sultans, but also the administrative and educational center of the state. Initially constructed between 1460 and 1478 by Sultan Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, and expanded upon and altered many times throughout its long history, the palace served as the home of the Ottoman sultans and their court until the middle of the 19th century. In the early 1850s, the palace became inadequate to the requirements of state ceremonies and protocol, and so Topkapi Palace was opened to public as a museum after the declaration of the Republic.Spanning 700,000 meter squares of an area, the palace offers visitors its vast collection of more than 80,000 pieces of artwork, in addition to the temporary exhibits

ST.SOPHIA

Hagia Sophia is the one of the most visited museums and most prominent monuments in the world in terms of art and the history of architecture. It has also been called “the eighth wonder of the world” by East Roman Philon as far back as the 6th century.The current Hagia Sophia is the third construction, done in a different architectural style, even though it occupies the same location as the previous two. Built during the Byzantine era, the grand churches of Hagia Sophia were turned into a mosque complex after Istanbul’s conquest, which was eventually turned into a museum by the time the modern Turkish Republic was founded.

SULTAN AHMET MOSQUE ( BLUE MOSQUE )

One of the most famous monuments of Turkish and Islamic art, the mosque is visited by all who come to Istanbul and gains their admiration. This imperial mosque is an example of classical Turkish architecture, and it is the only mosque that was originally built with six minarets. It is surrounded by other important edifices of Istanbul, built at earlier ages. Istanbul is viewed best from the sea and the mosque is part of this magnificent scenery. Due to its beautiful blue, green and white tilings it has been named the "Blue Mosque" by Europeans.

GRAND BAZAAR

This bazaar was first built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror and was expanded during the reign of Sultan Süleyman the Great (!520-1566), and reached its present form in 1701. Its extends over 65 streets, covering an area of 30.702 square meters. It contains a mosque, 21 inns, two vaulted bazaars, seven fountains, a well and 3300 shops. It possesses 18 gates, eight of them large, ten of then smaller. It has survived five fires, and has been restored and repaired and has reached our present times.

DOLMABAHCE PALACE

Dolmabahçe Palace was built by Sultan Abdulmecid (1839-1861) who was the thirty first Ottoman Sultan. Gazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of our Republic, used Dolmabahçe Palace for his studies at İstanbul between 1927-1938 and died in this palace. The Palace which was partially open to protocol and visits between 1926-1984 and was opened to visit as a “museum-palace” from 1984.

 

BEYLERBEYİ PALACE

Beylerbeyi Palace was thought to serve as a summer residence of Ottoman sultans and a state guest house to entertain the foreign heads of state and sovereigns and it was constructed on demand of the sultan of the period, Sultan Abdülaziz (1861 - 1876). 

 

HIPODROMME

The Hippodrome was built by the Romans in about 200 AD. It was originally used for chariot racing and other public events, and the stadium surrounding the track held over 100,000 people. The Hippodrome was the center of life in Byzantine Constantinople for over 1,000 years and of Ottoman life in Istanbul for over 400 years. It was also the center of numerous political and civil battles, some brutal. The bloodiest brawl occurred in 532 AD when two rival chariot racing teams ignited a riot that resulted in most of the city being burned. The revolt ended when an army of Justinian's mercenaries massacred about 30,000 people who were trapped in the Hippodrome.

 

CHORA

This church near Edirnekapı at Istanbul is famous for its mosaics and frescoes. It was built by Maria Dukaina, mother - in - law of Byzantine Emperor Alexius Komnenos, and was later expanded. It was dedicated to Jesus Christ. Most of the mosaics and frescoes were made during 1305-1320 and they were the most beautiful examples dating from the last period of the Byzantine painting.It was converted into a mosque during the reign of Bayezit II. It was restored in 1929, the mosaics revealed and, after Ayasofia, was opened to public as a museum. It is also referred to as the Mosaic Museum.

  

SPICE MARKET

Istanbul's Spice Market or Misir Carsisi was constructed in 1663 as a part of the adjacent Yeni Mosque complex in order to generate funds for the upkeep of the mosque. Misir in Turkish means "Egypt" and it is called The Egyptian Bazaar due to the fact that the spices came from India and South-East Asia to Egypt and from there to Istanbul via the Mediterranean Sea. Thus Istanbul marks the last stop along the legendary Silk Road. It was the final destination for Asian goods, which were then distributed to Europe. In fact, Istanbul had developed a spice trade with the Venetians as early as the 13th century.

 

TURKISH AND ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM

The construction of this first Turkish museum started in the 19th century within the confines of the Suleimaniye Mosque Complex. Focusing on the Turkish and Islamic arts, the collection consists of approximately 33,000 pieces, exemplifying each historic era. Among the few of its kind, the museum is also famous for its rich collection of rugs, and known as the Rug Museum. Rare pieces such as Seljuk rugs to the ones known in Europe as Holbein rugs are exhibited here.

 

ISTANBUL ARCHELOGY MUSEUM 

Built during the Ottoman era, the museum complex provided a background for the development of museology in Turkey. The buildings of the complex are themselves of historic significance.The strikingly rich collection is divided into three sections as Archeological Museum, Ancient Orient Museum and Tiled Kiosk Museum.

 

SULEYMANIYE MOSQUE

A highly sophisticated and historic complex comprised of a mosque, madrasas and mausoleums of Sultan Suleyman and his wife Hurrem Sultan ( Roxalena ), the Süleymaniye Complex was constructed by Mimar Sinan over a time period of seven years in the 16th century. Epitomizing simplicity transformed into majestic beauty, Süleymaniye Mosque is undoubtedly one of the most eye-catching landmarks of Istanbul. The 128 windows and walls, comprised of stone blocks held together by iron clamps and hardened by melted lead, are among the most outstanding features that make Süleymaniye Mosque almost infallible. The mosque complex also includes theological schools, a school of medicine, a caravanserai, a Turkish bath, and a kitchen and hospice for the poor.

 

EYUP SULTAN

This mausoleum next to the Eyüp Sultan Mosque in Istanbul is one of the widely visited sacred sites. The flag bearer of Muhammed, Ebu Eyyüb Ensari killed here during the first siege, (672-679) of the Arabs in Istanbul. Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror built the first mosque and mausoleum in 1458. The mosque as we have it today, is the form built by Sultan Selim III in the place of the original. The Ottoman Sultans, after gaining access to the throne, used to have their sword girding ceremonies here. In the cemetary of the mosque there are many tombs, each of artistic value, of many important characters of the past. 

ISTANBUL CITY WALLS

The first city walls of Istanbul were built during 413-477 by the Byzantine Emperor Thedosius II. They extend 6-7 km. starting from the Marble Tower on the Marmara shore up to the Golden Horn. The Yedikule Walls was built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in the years 1457-1458. These walls contain 16 gates. The walls have a three stage defence consisting of the inner walls, outer walls and a trench. The inner walls are 3-4m thick and 13m high. The outer walls 15m away, are 2m. thick and 10m. high. In front of the outer walls, there is a trench. The Istanbul city walls are being restored within the framework of the UNESCO protection program.

 

RUMELI FORTRESS

It is situated on the Tracean side of the Istanbul Bosphorous. It was built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1452 to prevent aid from north reaching Byzantine. It took 4 months to build with 1000 masons and 2000 workers. The three towers were built by Çandarlı Halil Pasha, Saruca Pasha and Zaganos Pasha and are named after them. The fortress has 5 gates and lies over an area of 30.000 m².

 

 


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